[THE firemen's forecastle of a transatlantic liner an hour after sailing from New York for the voyage across. Tiers of narrow, steel bunkers, three deep, on all sides. An entrance in rear. Benches on the floor before the bunks. The room is crowded with men, shouting, cursing, laughing, singing--a confused, inchoate uproar swelling into a sort of unity, a meaning--the bewildered, furious, baffled defiance of a beast in a cage. Nearly all the men are drunk. Many bottles are passed from hand to hand. All are dressed in dungaree pants, heavy ugly shoes. Some wear singlets, but the majority are stripped to the waist.
The treatment of this scene, or of any other scene in the play, should by no means be naturalistic. The effect sought after is a cramped space in the bowels of a ship, imprisoned by white steel. The lines of bunks, the uprights supporting them, cross each other like the steel framework of a cage. The ceiling crushes down upon the men's heads. They cannot stand upright. This accentuates the natural stooping posture which shoveling coal and the resultant over-development of back and shoulder muscles have given them. The men themselves should resemble those pictures in which the appearance of Neanderthal Man is guessed at. All are hairy-chested, with long arms of tremendous power, and low, receding brows above their small, fierce, resentful eyes. All the civilized white races are represented, but except for the slight differentiation in color of hair, skin, eyes, all these men are alike.
The curtain rises on a tumult of sound. YANK is seated in the foreground. He seems broader, fiercer, more truculent, more powerful, more sure of himself than the rest. They respect his superior strength--the grudging respect of fear. Then, too, he represents to them a self-expression, the very last word in what they are, their most highly developed individual.]
- VOICES: Gif me trink dere,you!
- 'Ave a wet!
- Drunk as a lord, God stiffen you!
- Here's how!
- Pass back that bottle, damn you!
- Pourin' it down his neck!
- Ho, Froggy! Where the devil have you been?
- La Touraine.
- I hit him smash in yaw, py Gott!
- Jenkins--the First--he's a rotten swine--
- And the coppers nabbed him--and I run--
- I like peer better. It don't pig head gif you.
- A slut, I'm saying'! She robbed me aslape--
- To hell with 'em all!
- You're a bloody liar!
- Say dot again! [Commotion. Two men about to fight are pulled apart.]
- No scrappin' now!
- See who's the best man!
- Bloody Dutchman!
- Tonight on the for'ard square.
- I'll bet on Dutchy.
- He packa da wallop, I tella you!
- Shut up, Wop!
- No fightin', maties. We're all chums, aint we?
- (A voice starts bawling a song.)
- "Beer, beer, glorious beer!
- Fill yourselves up right up to here."
YANK: (for the first time seeming to take notice of the uproar about him, turns around threateningly--in a tone of contemptuous authority) Choke off dat noise! Where d'yuh get dat beer stuff? Beer, hell! Beer's for goils--and Dutchmen. Me for somep'n wit a kick to it! Gimme a drink, one of youse guys. (Several bottles are eagerly offered. He takes a tremendous gulp at one of them; then, keeping the bottle in his hand, glares belligerently at the owner, who hastens to acquiesce in this robbery by saying) All righto, Yank. Keep it and have another. (YANK contemptuously turns his back on the crowd again. For a second there is an embarrassed silence. Then--)
- VOICES: We must be passing the Hook.
- She's beginning to roll to it.
- Six days in hell--and then Southampton.
- Py Yesus, I vish somepody take my first vatch for me!
- Gittin' seasick, Square-head?
- Drink up and forget it!
- What's in your bottle?
- Dot's nigger trink.
- Absinthe? It's doped. You'll go off your chump, Froggy!
- Whisky, that's the ticket!
- Where's Paddy?
- Going asleep.
- Sing us that whisky song, Paddy. (They all turn to an old, wizened Irishman who is dozing, very drunk, on the benches forward. His face is extremely monkey-like with all the sad, patient pathos of that animal in his small eyes.)
- Sing da song, Caruso Pat!
- He's gettin' old. The drink is too much for him.
- He's too drunk.
PADDY: (blinking about him, starts to his feet resentfully, swaying, holding on to the edge of a bunk) I'm never too drunk to sing. 'Tis only when I'm dead to the world I'd be wishful to sing at all. (With a sort of sad contempt.) "Whisky Johnny," ye want? A chanty, ye want? Now that's a queer wish from the ugly like of you, God help you. But no matther. (He starts to sing in a thin, nasal, doleful tone):
- Oh, whisky is the life of man!
- Whisky! O Johnny! (They all join in on this.)
- Oh, whisky is the life of man!
- Whisky for my Johnny! (Again chorus.)
- Oh, whisky drove my old man mad!
- Whisky! O Johnny!
- Oh, whisky drove my old man mad!
- Whisky for my Johnny!
YANK: (again turning around scornfully) Aw hell! Nix on dat old sailing ship stuff! All dat bull's dead, see? And you're dead, too, yuh damned old Harp, on'y yuh don't know it. Take it easy, see. Give us a rest. Nix on de loud noise. (With a cynical grin) Can't youse see I'm tryin' to t'ink?
ALL: (repeating the word after him as one with the same cynical amused mockery) Think! (The chorused word has a brazen metallic quality as if their throats were phonograph horns. It is followed by a general uproar of hard, barking laughter.)
- VOICES: Don't be cracking your head wit ut, Yank.
- You gat headache, py yingo!
- One thing about it--it rhymes with drink!
- Ha, ha, ha!
- Drink, don't think!
- Drink, don't think!
- Drink, don't think! (A whole chorus of voices has taken up this refrain, stamping on the floor, pounding on the benches with fists.)
YANK: (taking a gulp from his bottle--good-naturedly) Aw right. Can de noise. I got yuh de foist time. (The uproar subsides. A very drunken sentimental tenor begins to sing):
- "Far away in Canada,
- Far across the sea,
- There's a lass who fondly waits
- Making a home for me--"
YANK: (fiercely contemptuous) Shut up, yuh lousy boob! Where d'yuh get dat tripe? Home? Home, hell! I'll make a home for yuh! I'll knock yuh dead. Home! T'hell wit home! Where d'yuh get dat tripe? Dis is home, see? What d'yuh want wit home? (Proudly) I runned away from mine when I was a kid. On'y too glad to beat it, dat was me. Home was lickings for me, dat's all. But yuh can bet your shoit no one ain't never licked me since! Wanter try it, any of youse? Huh! I guess not. (In a more placated but still contemptuous tone) Goils waitin' for yuh, huh? Aw, hell! Dat's all tripe. Dey don't wait for no one. Dey'd double-cross yuh for a nickle. Dey're all tarts, get me? Treat 'em rough, dat's me. To hell wit 'em. Tarts, dat's what, de whole bunch of 'em.
LONG: (very drunk, jumps up on a bench excitedly, gesticulating with a bottle in his hand) Listen 'ere, Comrades! Yank 'ere is right. 'E says this 'ere stinkin' ship is our 'ome. And 'e says as 'ome is 'ell. And 'e's right! This is 'ell. We lives in 'ell, Comrades--and right enough we'll die in it. (Raging) And who's ter blame, I arsks yer? We ain't. We wasn't born this rotten way. All men is born free and ekal. That's in the bleedin' Bible, maties. But what d'they care for the Bible--them lazy, bloated swine what travels first cabin? Them's the ones. They dragged us down 'til we're on'y wage slaves in the bowels of a bloody ship, sweatin', burnin' up, eatin' coal dust! Hit's them's ter blame--the damned Capitalist clarss! (There had been a gradual murmur of contemptuous resentment rising among the men until now he is interrupted by a storm of catcalls, hisses, boos, hard laughter.)
- VOICES: Turn it off!
- Shut up!
- Sit down!
- Closa da face!
- Tamn fool! (Etc...)
YANK: (standing up and glaring at LONG) Sit down before I knock yuh down! (LONG makes haste to efface himself. YANK goes on contemptuously) De Bible, huh? De Cap'tlist class, huh? Aw nix on dat Salvation Army-Socialist bull. Git a soapbox! Hire a hall! Come and be saved, huh? Jerk us to Jesus, huh? Aw g'wan! I've listened to lots of guys like you, see? You're all wrong. Wanter know what I t'ink? Yuh ain't no good for no one. Yuh're de bunk. Yuh ain't got no noive, get me? Yuh're yellow, dat's what. Yellow, dat's you. Say! What's dem slobs in de foist cabin got to do wit us? We're better men dan dey are, ain't we? Sure! One of us guys could clean up de whole mob wit one mit. Put one of 'em down here for one watch in de stokehole, what'd happen? Day'd carry him off on a stretcher. Dem boids don't amount to nothin'. Dey're just baggage. Who makes dis old tub run? Ain't it us guys? Well den, we belong, don't we? We belong and dey don't. Dat's all. (A loud chorus of approval. YANK goes on.) As for dis bein' hell--aw, nuts! Yuh lost your noive, dat's what. Dis is a man's job, get me? It belongs. It runs dis tub. No stiffs need apply. But yuh're a stiff, see? Yuh're yellow, dat's you.
- VOICES: (with a great hard pride in them)
- A man's job!
- Talk is cheap, Long.
- He never could hold up his end.
- Divil take him!
- Yank's right. We make it go.
- Py Gott, Yank say right ting!
- We don't need no one cryin' over us.
- Makin' speeches.
- Throw him out!
- Chuck him overboard!
- I'll break his jaw for him!
- (They crowd around LONG threateningly.)
YANK: (half good-natured again--contemptuously) Aw, take it easy. Leave him alone. He ain't woith a punch. Drink up. Here's how, whoever owns dis. (He takes a long swallow from his bottle. All drink with him. In a flash all is hilarious amiability again, back-slapping, loud talk, etc...)
PADDY: (who has been sitting in a blinking, melancholy daze--suddenly cries out in a voice full of old sorrow) We belong to this, you're saying? We make this ship go, you're saying? Yerra then, that Almighty God have pity on us! (His voice runs into the wail of a keen, he rocks back and forth on his bench. The men stare at him, startled and impressed in spite of themselves) Oh, to be back in the fine days of my youth, ochone! Oh, there was fine beautiful ships them days--clippers wid tall masts touching the sky--fine strong men in them--men that was sons of the sea as if 'twas the mother that bore them. Oh, the clean skins of them, and the clear eyes, the straight backs and full chests of them! Brave men they was, and bold men surely! We'd be sailing out, bound down round the Horn maybe. We'd be making sail in the dawn, with a fair breeze, singing a chanty song wid no care to it. And astern the land would be sinking low and dying out, but we'd give it no heed but a laugh, and never a look behind. For the day that was, was enough, for we was free men--and I'm thinking 'tis only slaves do be giving heed to the day that's gone or the day to come--until they're old like me. (With a sort of religious exaltation) Oh, to be scudding south again wid the power of the Trade Wind driving her on steady through the nights and days! Full sail on her! Nights and Days! Nights when the foam of the wake would be flaming wid fire, when the sky'd be blazing and winking wid stars. Or the full of the moon maybe. Then you'd see her driving through the gray night, her sails stretching aloft all silver and white, not a sound on the deck, the lot of us dreaming dreams, till you'd believe 'twas no real ship at all you was on but a ghost ship like the Flying Dutchman they say does be roaming the seas forevermore widout touching a port. And there was the days, too. A warm sun on the clean decks. Sun warming the blood of you, and wind over the miles of shiny green ocean like strong drink to your lungs. Work--aye, hard work--but who'd mind that at all? Sure, you worked under the sky and 'twas work wid skill and daring to it. And wid the day done, in the dog watch, smoking me pipe at ease, the lookout would be raising land maybe, and we'd see the mountains of South America wid the red fire of the setting sun painting their white tops and the clouds floating by them! (His tone of exaltation ceases. He goes on mournfully.) Yerra, what's the use of talking? 'Tis a dead man's whisper. (To YANK resentfully) 'Twas them days men belonged to ships, not now. 'Twas them days a ship was part of the sea, and a man was part of a ship, and the sea joined all together and made it one. (Scornfully) Is it one wid this you'd be, Yank--black smoke from the funnels smudging the sea, smudging the decks--the bloody engines pounding and throbbing and shaking--wid divil a sight of sun or a breath of clean air--choking our lungs wid coal dust--breaking our backs and hearts in the hell of the stokehole--feeding the bloody furnace--feeding our lives along wid the coal, I'm thinking--caged in by steel from a sight of the sky like bloody apes in the Zoo! (With a harsh laugh.) Ho-h0, divil mend you! Is it to belong to that you're wishing? Is it a flesh and blood wheel of the engines you'd be?
YANK: (who has been listening with a contemptuous sneer, barks out the answer.) Sure ting! Dat's me. What about it?
PADDY: (as if to himself--with great sorrow) Me time is past due. That a great wave wid sun in the heart of it may sweep me over the side sometime I'd be dreaming of the day's that's gone!
YANK: Aw, yuh crazy Mick! (He springs to his feet and advances on PADDY threateningly--then stops, fighting some queer struggle within himself--lets his hands fall to his sides--contemptuously) Aw, take it easy. Yuh're aw right, at dat. Yuh're bugs, dat's all--nutty as a cuckoo. All dat tripe yuh been pullin'--Aw, dat's all right. On'y it's dead, get me? Yuh don't belong no more, see. Yuh don't get de stuff. Yuh're too old. (Disgustedly) But aw say, come up for air onct in a while can't yuh? See what's happened since yuh croaked. (He suddenly bursts forth vehemently, growing more and more excited) Say! Sure! Sure I meant it! What de hell--Say, lemme talk! Hey! Hey, you old Harp! Hey, youse guys! Say, listen to me--wait a moment--I gotter talk, see. I belong and he don't. He's dead but I'm livin'. Listen to me! Sure I'm part of de engines! Why de hell not! Dey move, don't dey? Dey're speed, ain't dey? Dey smash trou, don't dey? Twenty-five knots a hour! Dat's goin' some! Dat's new stuff! Dat belongs! But him, he's too old. He gets dizzy. Say, listen. All dat crazy tripe about nights and days; all dat crazy tripe about stars and moons; all dat crazy tripe about suns and winds, fresh air and de rest of it--Aw, hell, dat's all a dope dream! Hittin' de pipe of de past, dat's what he's doin'. He's old and don't belong no more. But me, I'm young! I'm in de pink! I move wit it! It, get me! I mean de ting dat's de guts of all dis. It ploughs trou all de tripe he's been sayin'. It blows dat up! It knocks dat dead! It slams dat offen de face of de oith! It, get me! De engines and de coal and de smoke and all de rest of it! He can't breathe and swallow coal dust, but I kin, see? Dat's fresh air for me! Dat's food for me! I'm new, get me? Hell in de stokehole? Sure! It takes a man to work in hell. Hell, sure, dat's my fav'rite climate. I eat it up! I get fat on it! It's me makes it hot! It's me makes it roar! It's me makes it move! Sure, on'y for me everyting stops. It all goes dead, get me? De noise and smoke and all de engines movin' de woild, dey stop. Dere ain't nothin' no more! Dat's what I'm sayin'. Everyting else dat makes de woild move, somep'n makes makes it move. It can't move witout somep'n else, see? Den yuh get down to me. I'm at de bottom, get me? Dere ain't nothin' foither. I'm de end! I'm de start! I start somep'n and de woild moves! It--dat's me!--de new dat's moiderin' de old! I'm de ting in coal dat makes it boin; I'm steam and oil for de engines; I'm de ting in noise dat makes yuh hear it; I'm smoke and express trains and steamers and factory whistles; I'm de ting in gold dat makes it money! And I'm what makes iron into steel! Steel, dat stands for de whole ting! And I'm steel--steel--steel! I'm de muscles in steel, de punch behind it! (As he says this he pounds with his fist against the steel bunks. All the men, roused to a pitch of frenzied self-glorification by his speech, do likewise. There is a deafening metallic roar, through which YANK's voice can be heard bellowing) Slaves, hell! We run de whole woiks. All de rich guys dat tink dey're somep'n, dey ain't nothin'! Dey don't belong. But us guys, we're in de move, we're at de bottom, de whole ting is us! (PADDY from the start of YANK's speech has been taking one gulp after another from his bottle, at first frightenedly, as if he were afraid to listen, then desperately, as if to drown his senses, but finally has achieved complete indifferent, even amused, drunkenness. YANK sees his lips moving. He quells the uproar with a shout.) Hey, youse guys, take it easy! Wait a minute! De nutty Harp is sayin' somep'n.
PADDY: (is heard now--throws back his head with a mocking burst of laughter) Ho-ho-ho-ho-ho----
YANK: (drawing back his fist with a snarl) Aw! Look out who yuh're givin' the bark!
PADDY: (begins to sing the "Miller of Dee" with enormous good nature):
- "I care for nobody, no, not I,
- And nobody cares for me."
YANK: (good-natured himself in a flash, interrupts PADDY with a slap on the bare back like a report) Dat's de stuff! Now yuh're gettin' wise to somep'n. Care for nobody, dat's de dope! To hell wit 'em all! And nix on nobody else carin'. I kin care for myself, get me! (Eight bells sound, muffled, vibrating through the steel walls as if some enormous brazen gong were imbedded in the heart of the ship. All the men jump up mechanically, file through the door silently close upon each other's heels in what is very like a prisoners' lockstep. YANK slaps PADDY on the back) Our watch, yuh old Harp! (Mockingly) Come on down in hell. Eat up de coal dust. Drink in de heat. It's it, see! Act like yuh liked it, yuh better--or croak yuhself.
PADDY: (With jovial defiance) To the divil wid it! I'll not report this watch. Let thim log me and be damned. I'm no slave the like of you. I'll be sittin' here at me ease, and drinking, and thinking, and dreaming dreams.
YANK: (Contemptuously) Tinkin' and dreamin', what'll that get yuh? What's tinkin' got to do wit it? We move, don't we? Speed, ain't it? Fog, dat's all you stand for. But we drive trou dat, don't we? We split dat up and smash trou--twenty-five knots a hour! (Turns his back on PADDY scornfully) Aw, yuh make me sick! Yuh don't belong! (He strides out the door in rear. PADDY hums to himself, blinking drowsily.)