Posidippus wrote thirty, or, as some have it, fifty comedies; the titles of fifteen of these are known, and some of them were Latinized. He began to exhibit in 289 B.C., two years after the death of Menander, and was one of the most popular of the new comedians.
Of the new comedy, and of Greek comedy proper, Posidippus was the last exponent. Other writers have indeed been mentioned, as Rhinthon of Tarentum, Sopater of Paphos, and Sotades of Crete, but the tragi-comedy of Rhinthon was called by a name which signifies "meaningless chatter," and the indecency of the Sotadean plays made them a by-word of reproach. All belonged to the age of the Ptolemies, and with the transplanting of Hellenic comedy from Athens to Alexandria, the classic drama of Greece was dead.